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Phobia: 'fear of...'
Characterised by an irrational and morbid fear of people, places, or things, phobias are among the most widely spread and found intense anxiety and psychological disorders to be found among people in this world. Gripping people of all ages and sexes, phobias are a form of mental illness which need proper diagnosis and treatment.
Types of Phobias
Phobias are of different types. Three of the most common are social phobia, agoraphobia and more specific phobias. The aforementioned types of phobia vary with regard to their nature, causal factors, as well as treatment procedures.
The most commonly observed symptoms of a phobic person include intense sweating, clammy palms, and nausea, besides other signs of panic.
While social phobia refers to fear from interacting with people or acting in any social setting or public place, more specific phobia arises from fear from any specific event or thing such as snakes, spiders, and many more. Agoraphobia includes, on the other hand, an intense anxiety when asked to leave a safe domain or home and move to open or crowded places, and is often accompanied by different types of panic attacks.
Where do phobias come from?
The causal factors of phobias include genetic as well as environmental factors. Intense fear or anxiety towards any particular object, thing, people, or place may be inherited or run in one's genes. It can also develop gradually from teenage years or acquired from childhood days observing the reactions of others, especially close friends and relatives. Traumatic experiences may also lead to phobias developing .
Dangerous and damaging, phobias when untreated can cause disruption and discord in the personal, social, and professional lives of individuals. Fortunately, treatment for phobias, including its different types, exists and can be used to drive away the irrational fear that is inherent or acquired by phobic individuals.
Effective treatment for phobia varies according to the type and extent of phobia. Therapies, especially cognitive behavioural therapy, and systematic desensitisation also helps. Usually such behaviour therapies are effective for simple phobias. Even anti-depressant drugs and other medication, such as sedatives can also help relief from phobias and their symptoms.
A certain degree of fear or anxiety is either inbuilt in us or is acquired after some unpleasant experience in our lives. However, when this fear becomes irrational and out of control, impairing our normal day-to-day activities, it is time to identify the cause of developing phobia and resort to proper measures to control it.
Quotes from the team at Phobias:
There are two steps in solving a problem. Believing you can solve the problem and solving the problem. Once you have established belief you are more than half way there.
You may not always find happiness from your actions, but you will never find happiness from inaction.
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